Project : Establishment - Vietnam Aluminum Corporation. (calling capital)

PROJECT
 
ESTABLISHMENT : JOINT STOCK COMPANY - VIETNAM ALUMINUM GROUP.(Call for capital)
Project-making unit: Dai Son Nam Joint Stock Company.

  
 
I-General introduction:
Starting from the actual situation in Vietnam today:
1-The Nhan Co and Tan Rai bauxite factories produce Alumina Al2O3 with an annual output of 1.4 million tons..(Input material for primary aluminum factories).
2-The selling price of electricity at power plants in Vietnam is currently relatively cheap compared to the world electricity price level. Approximately 0.8 Cel/Kw hour.
3-The corporation launched 04 primary aluminum production factories, located next to the power generation plants. With total output: 480,000 tons/year, it only consumes electricity: 1000 MGW/hour.
Equivalent to the capacity of 01 thermal power plant in Vietnam, it consumes a very modest amount of electricity compared to the total supply in the Vietnamese market.
4-The birth of Vietnam Aluminum Corporation is a unique enterprise producing primary aluminum in Vietnam market.
II-Financial plan:
-Total charter capital: 400 million USD.
- Dai Son Nam holds 10% of the founding shares: 40 million USD.
-90% stake is 360 million USD : Raised from outside investors.
(Dear investors: If there is a need to join ALUMINUM VN Group. Register now with us and start working right away: Establishing and operating the group).
Note: We only mobilized: 360 million USD - Equivalent to 90% of the group's share.
III-Investment plan;
1-Building 04 primary aluminum production factories at 04 different locations. The factory location must achieve the following objectives: Next to the power generation plants and after successfully negotiating the electricity selling price for the plant. power plants.
2-Each plant has a capacity of 330 tons/day -120,000 tons/year and power consumption is 250 MGW/hour.
3-Total investment for each factory is: 90 million USD
IV Investment details for 01 factory:
-Purchase equipment and technology from US Riner Corporation: 60 million USD
-Building factory infrastructure, (Including land for 5 hectares): 15 million USD.
- Working capital for each factory is: 15 million USD.
*List of main equipment imported in USA for 01 factory:
1-DC DC substation : 250 MGW - 35 Kv - 60 V : Quantity 01 machine
2-Arc furnace (Aluminum electrolysis) DC : 15 MGW  - 5 V - DC : Quantity 15 Furnace.
3-Three crane 30 tons : dedicated : Feeding into the Furnace and changing the positive electrode : Quantity 01.
4-Silo containing Al2O3 powder (Place outside the factory) : 1000 m3 - Height 20 m.: Quantity 01 piece
5-Liquid furnace for aluminum 20 m3 : 1500 KVA - 380 vol : Quantity 03 furnaces.
6-Aluminium ingot casting machine 06 tons/hour: Quantity 03 machines
7-Packing & stacking machines 6/ton hour : Quantity 03 machines
8- Dust filter system: 500,000 m3/hour: Quantity 01 set.
9-Colithao Oven cooling 100 T : 15 sets.
10-03-ton dump truck: 01 unit.
11- Forklift 03 tons : Quantity 02 pieces.
12-Transported Al2O3 powder tank truck, 35 tons type: Number of 02 trucks

V Economic and profit analysis.
1-Primary aluminum is an extremely important input material for many different commodity production industries, for all countries in the world.
2- The price of primary aluminum on the international metal floor in the last 10 years has often shifted from : 2500 USD - to 3000 USD/ton.
3-Analysis table: Production cost for 01 ton of aluminum finished product, factory.
 
Bảng phân tích : Chi phí sản xuất cho 01 tấn nhôm thành phẩm, xuất xưởng.
           
TT Các mục chi phí ĐVT Lượng Giá (USD) Thành tiền
1 Alumina Al2O3 tấn               1,90        500,00         1.000,00  
2 fluorite Kg             18,00            0,42              16,8  
3 Than  Coke Kg           450,00            0,50            225,00  
4 Điện Kw     14.000,00            0,09         1.260,00  
5 Nhân công +  Sản xuất Anode                 50,00  
        Cộng :       2.551,8  
 
Price of primary aluminum at LME London 10/2021 is: 3,020 USD/ton
So through the above data we see that the profit per ton of aluminum is:
3,020 USD - 2,551,8 USD = 468,2 USD
Through the above analysis, we see that the profit per ton of aluminum is too high: Due to the scarcity of the market, the current world aluminum price is pushed up too high.
According to the writer of this project: When Vietnam Aluminum Corporation is born and put into operation, it will have a stable and stable profit of: 300 USD / 1 ton -
So what is the revenue and profit of aluminum corporation in 01 year?
Revenue: 480,000 tons x 3,000 USD/ton = 1.44 billion USD/year.
Profit: 480,000 tons x 300 USD/ton = 144 million USD/year.
Thoughts of the project writer: I must confess to you, after 30 years of working with the profession: Importing equipment and transferring production technology for many different industries. After a while of researching about the primary aluminum production project in Vietnam, until today, sitting down to write these words, I really have not escaped: Surprise and shock. A new, new project. Look at it, it sounds very gentle, simple, but behind it is a very ghostly profit-seeking system. A project with a total investment of 300 million USD and a profit of 144 million USD per year, actually I can't explain why.?
Note :
1-If making primary aluminum is very profitable, why not increase the output to a few million tons/year but only at 480,000 tons/year.?.I would like to tell you the Alumina output of 02 Nhan Co and Tan factories. Rai is 1.4 million tons, only enough to produce 700,000 tons of primary aluminum per year.
2-Currently, EVN Group is buying electricity from thermal power plants: 0.08 USD, equivalent to 1,840 VND/Kw/hour and they are also buying electricity at private hydropower plants at 1,100 VND/Kw/hour.
3-Why not accumulate a 56 ton/hour factory but divide it into 04 14-ton/hour factories.? I would like to tell you: The author of the project intends to: Split the project - Stick to the MINI Hydropower plants, to buy cheap electricity.
So if aluminum plants can buy electricity from private hydropower plants, its profit is very high.
4-Comparison between two industries: Steel production and aluminum production in Vietnam.
A, For steel production: Based on data of Hoa Phat & Formosa:
Then for every investment of 550 million USD-Each year, 01 million tons of billet steel can be produced, the selling price is 600 USD/ton, so the annual revenue is 600 million USD, 1 year profit is 60 million USD.
B, For aluminum production: As the data above I presented:
Total investment: 300 million USD. (In which 60 million USD is cash fund which remains unchanged at 04 factories). But its 1-year revenue is: 1.44 billion USD and its profit is 144 million USD/year.
If you place aluminum plants near private hydropower plants and satisfy them with the purchase price of 1,400 VND/Kw/hour, the profit will skyrocket to 300 million USD/year.
I think projects like this. The State has a policy of guaranteeing credit, including interest payments of 12%/year, which is normal.
Danh sách các nhà máy thủy điện:  https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danh_s%C3%A1ch_c%C3%A1c_th%E1%BB%A7y_%C4%91i%E1%BB%87n_t%E1%BA%A1i_Vi%E1%BB%87t_Nam

  
 
Open letter: Invitation to invest.
Dear domestic and foreign investors. As we have shown above. This is a very special project, the investment rate is very low but the investment efficiency is very high, this is a very unique investment project in Vietnam today. We are the researchers who set up the project, but do not have the financial capacity to implement and implement it. So, investors, please think carefully about this project.
Please travel with us . You are the leaders of Vietnam Aluminum Corporation in the pre-insurrection period. We believe that, one day, when there is no commune here, Vietnam will be at the top of the list of countries exporting commercial aluminum.
Best regards.
Du Kim Son
TEL ; 0903.446.210
(Các tỉnh có thể đặt nhà máy nhôm : Đắk Nông + Lâm Đồng + Bình Phước + Bình Thuận + Ninh Thuận + Đắc Lắc).
*The most important issues for investors:
Please note that Vietnam's Anumina powder production and electricity output are still very modest, only enough for aluminum manufacturers: Producing 500,000 tons of primary aluminum in a year. If you don't care about it right away. When the sharks on foreign aluminum production have kept an eye on. That also means there is no field for you to play.

Sản lượng nhôm nguyên sinh của các quốc gia trên thế giới :
(tại đường linhk phía dưới)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_primary_aluminium_production


 
Technological process of producing primary aluminum:
 
Mining bauxite;
Extraction of alumina (aluminum oxide) from bauxite;
Electrolysis of aluminum from alumina;
Processing of molten aluminum and casting into ingots.
 Danh sách các nhà sản xuất nhôm trên thế giới
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_aluminium_smelters 


 
Main aluminum electrolysis
Metallic (primary) aluminum is smelted from alumina by electrolysis by the Hall-Heroult method. It takes place in electrolytic cells, which are a reservoir of molten cryolite. This molten criolite electrolyte is in this electrochemical process. A typical electrolytic cell is about 5-10 m in length. The cathode in electrolysis is the bottom of the electrolytic bath, lined with carbon blocks.
The anodes are large clumps of carbon, gradually immersed in cryolite as they burn. Therefore, carbon anodes require constant replacement, and it is an important part of the work and cost. Cryolite (Na 3 AlF 6 ) is practically not consumed during electrolysis.
Alumina is gradually added to the electrolytic cell from the top of the molten, where it is melted. The temperature in the electrolysis bath is 950-970°C. Drops of liquid aluminum form and accumulate at the bottom of the bath. This is the main aluminum. The molten aluminum leaves the cell at a temperature of about 900°C.
The direct current, supplied to the cell, is usually 4-5 volts and amperage of about 150000 A.
Producing 1 kg of aluminum requires about 2 kg of alumina, 0.5 kg of coal and 15 kWh of electrical energy.
An electrolysis plant can consist of 600-700 electrolyzers and is up to 1 km in length.


 
Treating virgin aluminum
On the territory of an electrolytic plant is usually a casting unit, where the minimum fluid flow paths come from the primary aluminum housing electrolyzers. The foundry has large, electrically heated reverb furnaces (mixers).
Typically, to improve product quality, two reverb furnaces are connected in series. A furnace - a "storage tank" - is designed to receive, maintain, and average the temperature and chemical composition of metals. Another furnace - "filling" or "dispensing" - is designed to mold a wide variety of products. Typically, these furnaces are stationary, unlike inclined furnaces that allow for a continuous casting process.
Liquid aluminum is kept in the furnace for 30-45 minutes at a temperature of 690-730 °C for the floating and precipitation of non-metallic impurities, and the evolution of gas from the metal.
Impurities are removed from molten aluminum by refining. To do this, it is usually washed with chlorine. Aluminum chloride in the gaseous form is formed, passes through the melting process, envelops the impurity elements, rises to the metal surface in the form of slag, is mechanically removed. Chlorinated aluminum also removes Na, That, Mg and dissolved gases in aluminum. After refining, the purity of primary aluminum reaches 99.5-99.85%.
Cast aluminum in the mold
Ingot castings - in the form of small ingots - are usually produced in a mold on a conveyor belt of a filling machine. the metal cast in the mold is a short flat ray. After filling the mold with the surface of the metal oxide film is removed. These machines are equipped with a mechanical stamping mechanism and an air or water cooling system of the mold.



 

 
Primary aluminum economic geography
The main materials in the production of primary aluminum are:
1-bauxite;
2-hard coal (coke) and
3-Electric energy.
Unfortunately, these three components are never in the same place in the world. Therefore, it is often chosen for the location of primary aluminum production near hydroelectric power plants with cheap electric energy. These plants can be several thousand kilometers away from aluminum and aluminum ingot supplies.


 
Issues about Anode anodes need to be discussed in Vietnam Aluminum Corporation:
Buy or make your own.
 
The preheated carbon anode is a specific type of consumable electrode (anode) designed to melt aluminum through the Hall-Héroult process. During smelting, these carbon anodes are suspended in an electrolytic cell(s) containing an electrolyte, primarily aluminum oxide (Al2O3). In this process, the preheated anode is consumed at a rate of about 450 kg anode per ton of liquid aluminum produced.
 
https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_a5a1d487f6854b6499631b7262f3f241_0_0.jpg/500/0
 
With the increased demand for aluminum in many industries, preheated anode prices have trended high over the past three years. Speaking of the market, China has emerged as a global giant in the aluminum sector; and thus one of the important driving forces behind the demand and price of preheated anodes. The Shanghai Metal Market observed that the price of pre-baked anodes in China's domestic market increased by about 620 yuan/ton until January 2017.
SMM allocates benefits to the following three factors:
The prices of coke and coal skyrocketed - the main raw materials of the preheated anode. Crude oil and coke have also made significant strides since November 2016.
China's recent environmental protection activities in Henan and Shandong.
Supply is scarce in China's domestic preheated anode market since January 2017.


https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_c981c24f72a54273b1b29bd58185927c_0_0.jpg/500/0
 
China is not only the largest consumer, but also one of the largest manufacturers and suppliers of pre-baked anodes in the world. Companies such as Guangxi Qiangqiang, Jinan Aohai, Jining Carbon, Dezhou Yongxing Carbon and Jinan Wanfang Carbon are all based in China. Looking at the global map, here are the top five prefabricated anode manufacturers in the world:
(Please note, the list below is dynamic and may change according to different market conditions).
1. Aluchemie (Netherlands)
Aluchemie is the world's largest independent manufacturer of custom high-end anodes for the aluminum industry, Aluchemie is part of Rio Tinto, the world's leading aluminum producer. Aluchemie combines advanced technologies with half a century of experience and ongoing training and resource development to create industry-leading preheated anodes. The company ensures that it adheres to a sustainable preheated anode manufacturing method to satisfy demand and be profitable in the long run.
Aluchemie has its headquarters and manufacturing unit in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, although it has state-of-the-art production facilities with a capacity of 450,000 tons of preheated anodes per year.
https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_da1ab46914044dbd849b2f7539aeefc5_0_0.jpg/500/0
 
2. Sunstone (China)
Sunstone Development Co., Ltd specializes in manufacturing and marketing pre-baked carbon anodes both in China as well as worldwide. The company thrives on innovation and continuous improvement of anode quality. To support its commitment to R&D activities, it even opened an independent R&D center in China.
Sunstone owns two pre-baked anode production bases: one in Shandong province in east China and one in Gansu province in northwest China. Sunstone has also expanded its reach globally. It has valuable business partners in Asia, Europe, America, Africa and the Middle East.
https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_a57103536ae54fb0ada431a1e4279cf1_0_0.jpg/500/0
3. Rheinfelden (Germany)
Rheinfelden CARBON of the Aluminum Group Rheinfelden, Germany, claims to be the world's first non-toxic electrode patch manufacturer in Europe. Although mainly focused on the production of Soederberg and Electrode Paste (ELPA), Rheinfelden CARBON also manufactures preheated anodes for aluminum smelters.


https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_bf28e23dd93648d5a47c5251f97187f1_0_0.gif/500/0
4. Carbonorca (Venezuela)
The state-owned manufacturer of preheated anodes, VG Carbone del Orinoco CA, alias Carbonorca of Venezuela is also the country's most sought-after supplier for aluminum smelters such as CVG Alcasa and CVG-Venalum . The company owns a milling and compacting plant with an annual production capacity of 140,000 tons of green anodes and three furnaces with an annual anode output of 194,000 tons. The preheated carbon anodes manufactured by Carbonorca are sent to reduction plants around the world, including Canada, Egypt, USA, Nigeria, Russia and Tajikistan.

https://alcmainapi.azureedge.net/Imagesopt/image/_imgopt_media_imgopt_e0212a44307a4f36ad306cf915aa31da_0_0.jpg/500/0
 
5. Rain CII, Lake Charles (USA)
Rain CII is the leading industrial carbon company in the US With corporate offices in Texas and Connecticut, Rain CII accesses the biggest names in the world aluminum industry with high quality carbon products including preheated anodes. The company has six calciners across the United States and a manufacturing unit in Vishakhapatnam, India. All plants are equipped with rotary kilns, green coke storage facilities, generators with energy recovery and state-of-the-art production and quality control systems, where targeted products are manufactured. for aluminum smelter anode applications.
Hydro, a global aluminum company with integrated operations in the aluminum value chain, opened a trial of anode manufacturing technology in Årdal, Norway, in 2014. Concept of preheated anode manufacturing process Newly created in 2009. This technology is working now. being tested for a potential future industrialization project.


  

  





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